Colon Cancer

Colon cancer usually begins as a small polyp. While most colon polyps are benign, some do go on to become cancerous. Colon cancer symptoms may include a change in bowel habits or bleeding, but usually colon cancer produces no symptoms.

In its early stages, the most likely warning signs include:
  • Changes in bowel movements, including persistent constipation or diarrhea, a feeling of not being able to empty the bowel completely, and urgency to move the bowels, rectal cramping or rectal bleeding
  • Dark patches of blood in or on your stool or change in bowel habits
  • Abdominal discomfort or bloating
  • Unexplained fatigue, loss of appetite, and/or weight loss
  • Pelvic pain or fullness
Nationwide, colon cancer screening tests have reduced the number of deaths from this disease. Thus, its important to have a regular colonoscopy. If the cancer is found early, it can usually be cured with surgery alone; rarely will patients need a permanent colostomy.